Comments submitted by Swan View Coalition and Friends of the Wild Swan lay out the scientific basis for restoring fish and wildlife habitat in the Swan Valley by removing roads, not trees.
Elk travel time [displacement] was highest during ATV exposure, followed by exposure to mountain biking, hiking, and horseback riding.
A comprehensive approach for managing human activities to meet elk objectives should include careful management of off-road recreational activities, particularly ATV riding and mountain biking, which caused the largest reductions in feeding time and increases in travel time.
Steve Bennett photo.
By Keith Hammer
A short history of the American Indians whose names still grace the lakes and mountains of the Swan Range. Weighing in at a sleek one-ounce and measuring 5.5” x 8.5”, a perfect fit for your backpack!
Public Motorized Trespass and Administrative Activity on Closed Roads in the Upper Swan, Lower Swan, and Noisy Face Geographic Units
Roads Threaten Bull Trout on the Bitterroot, Flathead and Lolo National Forests
Roads Outnumber Streams in Developed Flathead Watersheds.
Facilitating Physical Access also Extends the Snowmobiing Season, Resulting in Harm to Wildlife Security, Vegetation, Soils and Water
From Swan View’s News, Spring/Summer 2002