Behavioral Responses of North American Elk to Recreational Activity

Elk travel time [displacement] was highest during ATV exposure, followed by exposure to mountain biking, hiking, and horseback riding.

A comprehensive approach for managing human activities to meet elk objectives should include careful management of off-road recreational activities, particularly ATV riding and mountain biking, which caused the largest reductions in feeding time and increases in travel time.

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Steve Bennett photo.

This article published on August 06, 2011 • [Permalink]